Upregulation of Circular RNA Itchy E3 Ubiquitin Protein Ligase Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Promotes Cell Apoptosis Through Targeting MiR-197 in Prostate Cancer

Published on 2019-11-08T13:08:15Z (GMT) by
<div>Objective:<p>This study aimed to investigate the effect of circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase on cell proliferation and apoptosis and to explore its target micro-RNAs in prostate cancer cells.</p>Methods:<p>Circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase expression in human prostate cancer cells and normal prostate epithelial cells was determined by real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids (circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase(+) group and control overexpression plasmids group were transfected with PC-3 cells. Rescue experiment was performed by transfection of circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression and micro-197 overexpression plasmids (circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids/micro RNA (+) group) into PC-3 cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and annexin V/propidium iodide assays were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Western blot was performed to determine the expressions of apoptotic-related markers.</p>Results:<p>Circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase expression was decreased in DU 145, 22RV1, VCaP, and PC-3 cells compared to RWPE cells. In PC-3 cells, cell proliferation rate was reduced in circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids group compared to control overexpression plasmids group at 48 hours and 72 hours. Cell apoptosis rate was elevated in circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids group compared to control overexpression plasmids group at 48 hours, and Western blot showed the similar results. Micro RNA-197 but not micro RNA-31 or micro RNA-432 was the target micro-RNA of circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase. In rescue experiments, cell proliferation rate was elevated, but apoptosis rate was reduced in circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids/micro RNA (+) group compared to circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase overexpression plasmids group, indicating that circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase upregulation inhibited cell proliferation but promoted apoptosis through downregulating micro RNA-197.</p>Conclusion:<p>Circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase upregulation suppresses cell proliferation but promotes apoptosis through targeting micro RNA-197 in prostate cancer. Our study may provide a new insight for the treatment of prostate cancer.</p></div>

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Yuan, Yuan; Chen, Xiaogang; Huang, Enying (2019): Upregulation of Circular RNA Itchy E3 Ubiquitin Protein Ligase Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Promotes Cell Apoptosis Through Targeting MiR-197 in Prostate Cancer. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.4730216.v1