Tracheotomy in ventilator-dependent patients with COVID-19: a cross-sectional study of analgesia and sedative requirements

Posted on 24.11.2022 - 03:09
Objective

During March 2020 in the United States, demand for sedatives increased by 91%, that for analgesics rose by 79%, and demand for neuromuscular blockers increased by 105%, all owing to the number of COVID-19 cases requiring invasive mechanical ventilation (MV). We hypothesize that analgesic and sedative requirements decrease following tracheotomy in this patient population.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, we conducted a retrospective chart review to identify patients with COVID-19 who underwent tracheotomy (T) at an academic medical center between March 2020 and January 2021. We used a paired Student t-test to compare total oral morphine equivalents (OMEs), total lorazepam equivalents, 24-hour average dexmedetomidine dosage in μg/kg/hour, and 24-hour average propofol dosage in μg/kg/minute on days T−1 and T+2 for each patient.

Results

Of 50 patients, 46 required opioids before and after tracheotomy (mean decrease of 49.4 mg OMEs). Eight patients required benzodiazepine infusion (mean decrease of 45.1 mg lorazepam equivalents. Fifteen patients required dexmedetomidine infusion (mean decrease 0.34 μg/kg/hour). Seventeen patients required propofol (mean decrease 20.5 μg/kg/minute).

Conclusions

When appropriate personal protective equipment is available, use of tracheotomy in patients with COVID-19 who require MV may help to conserve medication supplies in times of extreme shortages.

CITE THIS COLLECTION

Wiemann, Brianne; Mitchell, Jessica; Sarangarm, Preeyaporn; Miskimins, Richard (2022): Tracheotomy in ventilator-dependent patients with COVID-19: a cross-sectional study of analgesia and sedative requirements. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.6314469.v1
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