The Well-Being Benefits of Person-Culture Match Are Contingent on Basic Personality Traits

Published on 2020-09-16T12:13:55Z (GMT) by
<div><p>People enjoy well-being benefits if their personal characteristics match those of their culture. This <i>person-culture match effect</i> is integral to many psychological theories and—as a driver of migration—carries much societal relevance. But do people differ in the degree to which person-culture match confers well-being benefits? In the first-ever empirical test of that question, we examined whether the person-culture match effect is moderated by basic personality traits—the Big Two and Big Five. We relied on self-reports from 2,672,820 people across 102 countries and informant reports from 850,877 people across 61 countries. Communion, agreeableness, and neuroticism exacerbated the person-culture match effect, whereas agency, openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness diminished it. People who possessed low levels of communion coupled with high levels of agency evidenced no well-being benefits from person-culture match, and people who possessed low levels of agreeableness and neuroticism coupled with high levels of openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness even evidenced well-being costs. Those results have implications for theories building on the person-culture match effect, illuminate the mechanisms driving that effect, and help explain failures to replicate it.</p></div>

Cite this collection

Gebauer, Jochen E.; Eck, Jennifer; Entringer, Theresa M.; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Rentfrow, Peter J.; Potter, Jeff; et al. (2020): The Well-Being Benefits of Person-Culture Match Are Contingent on Basic Personality Traits. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.5123370.v1