The Possible Involvement of miR-371a-5p Regulating XIAP in the Pathogenesis of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Published on 2019-02-28T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Apoptosis is an interactive and dynamic biological process involved in all phases of embryogenesis. If apoptosis dominates the trophoblast cell growth process, it will result in adverse pregnancy outcomes. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is a potent caspase inhibitor and an important barrier to apoptotic cell death. MicroRNAs involve in posttranscriptional gene expression regulation and apoptosis. Online sequence alignment analysis showed that there was a putative binding site of miR-371a-5p on the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of XIAP. Thirty chorionic villi samples were collected to examine the expression of miR-371a-5p and XIAP. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was applied to determine the relationship between miR-371a-5p and XIAP by human placental choriocarcinoma cells (JEG-3) cells in vitro. After 48-hour transfection of mimics and inhibitor by JEG-3 cells in vitro, Western blotting was used to, respectively, detect the protein expression levels of XIAP and caspase-3. Flow cytometry was used to validate the apoptosis ratio of transfection. The expression of miR-371a-5p and XIAP in recurrent pregnancy loss was greatly decreased. The results from the luciferase reporter assay strongly suggested binding of the XIAP 3′-UTR by miR-371a-5p. Apoptosis percentage of miR-371a-5p mimic was significantly greater than that of normal control. However, apoptosis percentage of miR-371a-5p inhibitor was significantly lower than that of normal control. A significant decrease in luciferase activity was observed in miR-371a-5p mimics-transfected JEG-3 cells compared with controls. These findings provide the evidence that miR-371a-5p is one of the regulating factors according to apoptosis pathway of XIAP-caspase-3 and may be involved in the pathogenesis of recurrent pregnancy loss.</p></div>

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Du, Erqiu; Cao, Yuming; Feng, Chun; Lu, Jing; Yang, Hanxiao; Zhang, Yuanzhen (2019): The Possible Involvement of miR-371a-5p Regulating XIAP in the Pathogenesis of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss. SAGE Journals. Collection.