TBX1 Regulates Chondrocyte Maturation in the Spheno-occipital Synchondrosis

Published on 2020-05-23T12:12:29Z (GMT) by
<div><p>The synchondrosis in the cranial base is an important growth center for the craniofacial region. Abnormalities in the synchondroses affect the development of adjacent regions, including the craniofacial skeleton. Here, we report that the transcription factor <i>TBX1</i>, the candidate gene for DiGeorge syndrome, is expressed in mesoderm-derived chondrocytes and plays an essential and specific role in spheno-occipital synchondrosis development by inhibiting the expression of genes involved in chondrocyte hypertrophy and osteogenesis. In <i>Tbx1-</i>deficient mice, the spheno-occipital synchondrosis was completely mineralized at birth. TBX1 interacts with RUNX2, a master molecule of osteoblastogenesis and a regulator of chondrocyte maturation, and suppresses its transcriptional activity. Indeed, deleting <i>Tbx1</i> triggers accelerated mineralization due to accelerated chondrocyte differentiation, which is associated with ectopic expression of downstream targets of RUNX2 in the spheno-occipital synchondrosis. These findings reveal that TBX1 acts as a regulator of chondrocyte maturation and osteogenesis during the spheno-occipital synchondrosis development. Thus, the tight regulation of endochondral ossification by TBX1 is crucial for the normal progression of chondrocyte differentiation in the spheno-occipital synchondrosis.</p></div>

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Funato, N.; Srivastava, D.; Shibata, S.; Yanagisawa, H. (2020): TBX1 Regulates Chondrocyte Maturation in the Spheno-occipital Synchondrosis. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.4990439.v1