Relationship Between Frailty, Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics, and Disease Severity of Older Adults With Acute Coronary Syndrome
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between frailty, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, and disease severity of older adults with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total of 57 hospitalized patients ≥60 years with ACS were assessed for frailty through the Tilburg Frailty Indicator. Disease severity was assessed by the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events, by the maximum troponin level, and by the number of severely obstructed coronary arteries. The relationship between variables was assessed by Mann Whitney’s test, Pearson’s chi-square test, likelihood-ratio test, Fisher’s exact test, or Student’s t test. Analyses were bootstrapped to 1,000 to reduce potential sample bias. About 54.4% were frail. Frailty was associated with ethnicity (p = .02), marital status (p = .05), ischemic equivalents (p = .01), self-perceived health (p = .002), arthritis/rheumatism/arthrosis (p = .002), and number of severely obstructed coronary arteries (p = .05). These relationships can support intensified surveillance planning for the elderly at greatest risk, structuring of transitional care, appropriate nurse-coordinated secondary prevention delivery in primary care, and cardiac rehabilitation following ACS.