Participation in social/lifestyle activities in people with multiple sclerosis: Changes across 10 years and predictors of sustained participation

Published on 2019-10-18T12:10:08Z (GMT) by
<div>Background:<p>Identification of people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) with increased risk of restricted participation in social and lifestyle activities (e.g. social outings and pursuing a hobby) could guide the development of interventions supporting sustained participation.</p>Objective:<p>To explore changes in participation in complex and social everyday activities over 10 years in PwMS in relation to multiple sclerosis (MS) severity and to identify predictors of sustained participation.</p>Methods:<p>This study was based on a 10-year follow-up of 264 PwMS living in Stockholm County, Sweden. Ten-year changes in participation in social/lifestyle activities were assessed and compared between PwMS with different MS severity with the Frenchay Activities Index using age- and sex-related normative values. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict sustained participation at 10 years using personal factors, disease severity and functioning as independent variables.</p>Results:<p>While a majority of people with mild MS demonstrated sustained participation (67%), a minority of PwMS moderately (26%) and severely affected by MS (5%) demonstrated sustained participation. Significant predictors of sustained participation after 10 years were walking speed ⩾1.2 m/s and ⩾32 correct responses on the Symbol Digit Modalities Test.</p>Conclusion:<p>Our findings accentuate the importance for health services to support mobility and cognition to obtain sustained participation.</p></div>

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Johansson, Sverker; Ytterberg, Charlotte; Gottberg, Kristina; Holmqvist, Lotta Widén; von Koch, Lena; Conradsson, David (2019): Participation in social/lifestyle activities in people with multiple sclerosis: Changes across 10 years and predictors of sustained participation. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.4704071.v1