Multiple comorbid conditions and healthcare resource utilization among adult patients with hyperkalemia: A retrospective observational cohort study using association rule mining

Posted on 13.05.2022 - 00:06
Objectives

To estimate the prevalence of specific comorbid conditions (CCs) and multiple comorbid conditions (MCCs) among adult patients with hyperkalemia and examine the associations between MCCs and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs.

Methods

This retrospective observational cohort study was conducted using a large administrative claims database. We identified patients with hyperkalemia (ICD-10-CM: E87.5; or serum potassium >5.0 mEq/L; or NDC codes for either patiromer or sodium polystyrene sulfonate) during the study period (1/1/2016–6/30/2019). The earliest service/claim date with evidence of hyperkalemia was identified as index date. Qualified patients had ≥12 months of enrolment before and after index date, ≥18 years of age. Comorbid conditions were assessed using all data within 12 months prior to the index date. Healthcare resource utilization and costs were estimated using all data within 12 months after the index date. Association rule mining was applied to identify MCCs. Generalized linear models were used to examine the associations between MCCs and HRU and costs.

Results

Of 22,154 patients with hyperkalemia, 94% had ≥3 CCs. The most common individual CCs were chronic kidney disease (CKD, 85%), hypertension (HTN, 83%), hyperlipidemia (HLD, 81%), and diabetes mellitus (DM, 47%). The most common dyad combination of CCs was CKD+HTN (71%). The most common triad combination was CKD+HTN+HLD (62%). The most common quartet combination was CKD+HTN+HLD+DM (36%). The increased number of CCs were significantly associated with increased ED visits, length of hospital stays, and total healthcare costs (all p-value < 0.0001).

Conclusions

MCCs are very prevalent among patients with hyperkalemia and are strongly associated with HRU and costs.

CITE THIS COLLECTION

Dai, Dingwei; Sharma, Ajay; Alvarez, Paula J; Woods, Steven D (2022): Multiple comorbid conditions and healthcare resource utilization among adult patients with hyperkalemia: A retrospective observational cohort study using association rule mining. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.5993558.v1
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