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Evidence Surrounding Dietary Behavior Interventions in Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors: A Scoping Review

Posted on 2022-11-11 - 13:09

Objective: To identify and summarize studies that have implemented dietary behavior interventions and reported dietary outcomes in community-dwelling adult stroke survivors. Design: Scoping Review; Setting: Not applicable. Participants: Studies eligible for review included peer-reviewed studies describing both a dietary intervention and a dietary outcome among community-dwelling stroke survivors published between January 2000 and June 2022. Results: We identified 14 articles that included both a dietary behavior intervention and a dietary outcome. All studies (5 pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 6 non-pilot RCTs, 3 cohort studies) delivered multimodal health behavior interventions that included a dietary component. Interventions were delivered weekly to every other month and lasted for 1–24 months. Most studies did not use standardized assessments to assess dietary outcomes; however, 8 studies reported improvement in dietary outcomes. Conclusions: This review provides support for the efficacy of dietary behavior interventions in stroke survivors. Variability in intervention format and assessment measures across studies impedes the ability to conduct meta-analyses of outcomes to inform research knowledge and clinical practice. Additional research is needed to determine mechanisms-of-action for dietary behavior change in stroke survivors.

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