CD133 Promotes Adhesion to the Ovarian Cancer Metastatic Niche

Published on 2018-04-09T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are an attractive therapeutic target due to their predicted role in both metastasis and chemoresistance. One of the most commonly agreed on markers for ovarian CSCs is the cell surface protein CD133. CD133+ ovarian CSCs have increased tumorigenicity, resistance to chemotherapy, and increased metastasis. Therefore, we were interested in defining how CD133 is regulated and whether it has a role in tumor metastasis. Previously we found that overexpression of the transcription factor, <i>ARID3B</i>, increased the expression of <i>PROM1</i> (CD133 gene) in ovarian cancer cells in vitro and in xenograft tumors. We report that ARID3B directly regulates <i>PROM1</i> expression. Importantly, in a xenograft mouse model of ovarian cancer, knockdown of <i>PROM1</i> in cells expressing exogenous ARID3B resulted in increased survival time compared with cells expressing ARID3B and a control short hairpin RNA. This indicated that ARID3B regulation of <i>PROM1</i> is critical for tumor growth. Moreover, we hypothesized that CD133 may affect metastatic spread. Given that the peritoneal mesothelium is a major site of ovarian cancer metastasis, we explored the role of <i>PROM1</i> in mesothelial attachment. <i>PROM1</i> expression increased adhesion to mesothelium in vitro and ex vivo. Collectively, our work demonstrates that ARID3B regulates <i>PROM1</i> adhesion to the ovarian cancer metastatic niche.</p></div>

Cite this collection

Roy, Lynn; Bobbs, Alexander; Sattler, Rachel; Kurkewich, Jeffrey L; Dausinas, Paige B; Nallathamby, Prakash; et al. (2018): CD133 Promotes Adhesion to the Ovarian Cancer Metastatic Niche. SAGE Journals. Collection.