Automatic detection of the mental foramen for estimating mandibular cortical width in dental panoramic radiographs: the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study (Tromsø7) in 2015–2016

Posted on 24.11.2022 - 03:09
Objective

To apply deep learning to a data set of dental panoramic radiographs to detect the mental foramen for automatic assessment of the mandibular cortical width.

Methods

Data from the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study (Tromsø7) were used. The data set contained 5197 randomly chosen dental panoramic radiographs. Four pretrained object detectors were tested. We randomly chose 80% of the data for training and 20% for testing. Models were trained using GeForce RTX 2080 Ti with 11 GB GPU memory (NVIDIA Corporation, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Python programming language version 3.7 was used for analysis.

Results

The EfficientDet-D0 model showed the highest average precision of 0.30. When the threshold to regard a prediction as correct (intersection over union) was set to 0.5, the average precision was 0.79. The RetinaNet model achieved the lowest average precision of 0.23, and the precision was 0.64 when the intersection over union was set to 0.5. The procedure to estimate mandibular cortical width showed acceptable results. Of 100 random images, the algorithm produced an output 93 times, 20 of which were not visually satisfactory.

Conclusions

EfficientDet-D0 effectively detected the mental foramen. Methods for estimating bone quality are important in radiology and require further development.

CITE THIS COLLECTION

Edvardsen, Isak Paasche; Teterina, Anna; Johansen, Thomas; Myhre, Jonas Nordhaug; Godtliebsen, Fred; Bolstad, Napat Limchaichana (2022): Automatic detection of the mental foramen for estimating mandibular cortical width in dental panoramic radiographs: the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study (Tromsø7) in 2015–2016. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.6314472.v1
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