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An International Survey of Genitourinary and Renal Pathologists Regarding Evaluation of the Non-Neoplastic Parenchyma in Kidney Cancer Specimens

Posted on 2023-05-26 - 00:19

Increasing survivorship in kidney cancer patients has shifted treatment strategies to optimize renal function preservation. In 2010, the College of American Pathologists (CAP) updated their synoptic reporting guidelines for tumor nephrectomies to require evaluation of the nonneoplastic kidney parenchyma. We conducted this study to understand current practice behaviors regarding the evaluation of the nonneoplastic kidney parenchyma in tumor nephrectomy specimens. We emailed a 14-item multiple-choice survey to members of the Renal Pathology Society and Genitourinary Pathology Society. We also emailed a 12-item survey to program and associate program directors of American pathology residencies to assess the current state of renal pathology education. Ninety-eight genitourinary and 104 renal pathologists responded to the survey on the nonneoplastic kidney parenchyma. Ninety-five percent of respondents who examine tumor nephrectomies reported evaluating the nonneoplastic kidney parenchyma. Seventy-five percent of genitourinary pathologists and 67% of renal pathologists use synoptic reporting, and 81% use the CAP protocol. Thirty-nine percent of respondents report always contacting the clinician when they find evidence of medical renal disease. Forty-two program leaders responded to our renal pathology education survey, and 64% of them have a mandatory renal pathology rotation that on average lasts about 2 to 4 weeks. The majority of pathologists examine the nonneoplastic kidney parenchyma of tumor nephrectomies and frequently report incidences of new medical renal disease directly to clinicians, but there remains room for improvement and educational gaps during residency training. Further efforts to standardize both this evaluation and renal pathology education will improve patient care.

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