Access to drinking water in sub-Saharan Africa: does the developmental state doctrine matter?

Published on 2020-06-26T12:09:46Z (GMT) by
<div><p>Using data from 14 sub-Saharan African countries, this study investigates the relevance of the developmental state doctrine to enhancing access to improved drinking water sources and to reducing urban–rural inequalities in access to improved sources and piped-on premises. Although access to improved water sources and urban–rural inequality seems better in developmental states than in non-developmental states, we have not found sufficient support for the claim that the developmental state approach is the best alternative. The influence of corruption is, unexpectedly, higher in developmental states than in non-developmental states. Moreover, both developmental states and non-developmental states were not significantly investing in access to drinking water supply programs. We find that the total population growth rate is the strongest predictor, rather than regime type. Other factors that explain the variation between all samples of developmental states and non-developmental states are identified and discussed, and implications are outlined.</p>Points for practitioners<p>There is significant variation in access to improved drinking water sources and urban–rural inequalities in access to improved sources and piped-on premises between developmental states and non-developmental states. The relevance of the developmental state doctrine to improving access to drinking water, reducing socio-economic inequalities in access to drinking water, and realizing Sustainable Development Goal targets in sub-Saharan Africa is ambiguous. We advise strengthening a functional Weberian bureaucracy and promoting political decentralization.</p></div>

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Debela, Bacha Kebede; Bouckaert, Geert; Troupin, Steve (2020): Access to drinking water in sub-Saharan Africa: does the developmental state doctrine matter?. SAGE Journals. Collection. https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.c.5040860.v1